China Emergency Light Manufacturers – Emergency Lighting Key Requirements: Checklist
China Emergency Light Manufacturers outline the main components of a compliance emergency lighting system, including risk assessment, lighting units, signage, commissioning certificates, logs and maintenance.
The purpose of the risk assessment is to identify the risks faced by those entering the home and to document safe escape routes for everyone, including persons with disabilities and visual impairment. Failure to document a fire risk assessment that includes emergency lighting may result in a series of legal consequences. It is also important to maintain an accurate record of the problem, including the date of identification and the time to correct them. It is important to remember that the fire authorities can request a building risk assessment at any time.
Emergency lighting and signage
Emergency lighting is a general term that is divided into emergency escape lighting and alternate lighting.
Emergency escape lighting
This is an emergency lighting system that provides illumination for the safety of a person leaving a location or attempting to pre-terminate a potentially dangerous situation. Emergency escape lighting is further subdivided into escape route lighting, open area lighting and high-risk mission area lighting.
Escape route lighting
Part of the emergency escape lighting system is designed to ensure that occupants of the building can effectively identify and safely use the escape device.
Open area lighting
Part of the emergency escape lighting system is designed to minimize panic and ensure adequate lighting to enable building occupants to reach areas where escape routes can be identified.
High-risk mission area lighting
A part of an emergency escape lighting system designed to provide illumination for the safety of persons involved in potentially hazardous situations in order to make appropriate closure procedures for the safety of operators and other occupants of the home.
Part of the emergency lighting system is designed to keep normal activities essentially unchanged. This guide does not include further information on alternate lighting as it is not a legal requirement.
Site lighting and emergency signs
Once an emergency lighting system has been designed, consideration should be given to the location of the lighting fixtures (lamps) and markings. Lighting units and signs should be provided to clearly show the exit passage leading to the final exit of the house. If the exit route or final exit is not easily identifiable, the sign should be used instead of the lighting unit. Special attention should be paid to:
Outside of each final exit
Control / factory room
The toilet area is over 8 square meters (although there is an argument for providing public access to all toilets, especially those for disabled people)
Fire alarm points and fire fighting equipment.
Note that the location of the fixtures and logos should be specified using detailed computer point calculations or the luminaire manufacturer’s spacing table. The above is just a short summary, we recommend to refer to the corresponding standards in order to fully understand the requirements.
Debug certificates and logs
Both the Emergency Lighting Regulation BS 5266 and the European Standard require a written compliance statement on site for inspection. These should detail the quality of the installation and its consistency with the IEE cabling regulations, including the main circuitry of a general lighting system that supplies non-maintenance components.
After completing the installation of the emergency lighting system or part of it, the installer should provide the completion certificate to the occupier/owner of the house.
A satisfactory operational test must be declared and a log of all system tests and results must be retained. The installer should provide a system log, including debug forms, test forms, and instructions.
Monthly emergency lighting test
All emergency lighting systems must be tested once a month. This test is based on the short-term functional test of BS EN 50172:2004 / BS 5266-8:2004.
The time to simulate the fault should be sufficient for the purpose of this test while minimizing damage to system components. During this time, all fixtures and signs should be inspected to ensure they are present, clean and functioning properly.
Annual emergency lighting test
The full rated duration (3 hours) of the emergency light must be tested annually. When testing, the building cannot be occupied, and after the test is over, the battery must be fully charged to remain vacant. For the annual test, all emergency lights must still be fully operational at the end of the three-hour test period.
The results must be recorded and these results must be corrected as soon as possible if a failure is detected.
Emergency lighting key requirements list
Make sure you have completed a fire risk assessment that includes providing emergency lighting. This requires annual completion or change in layout/use area.
Designate a designer to complete emergency lighting design based on relevant standards and best practice documentation.
Ensure that building logs are on site and compile relevant information to include
Photometric data and design files
Electrical installation test certification
Emergency lighting completion certificate
Ensure monthly emergency lighting testing
Ensure that three hours of emergency lighting testing is performed each year.